Introductory remarks

Brazil is a federative republic formed by the union of the states, municipalities and the Federal District. It is a civil law country with its legal system based on codes and legislation enacted primarily by the federal legislative power. The legislative, the executive and the judicial are the three branches of Brazilian government.

The National Congress is composed of the Chamber of Deputies and the Federal Senate. The executive branch encompasses the President of the Republic and the Ministers of State. There are specialized courts (Labor Courts and Judges, Electoral Courts and Judges, Military Courts and Judges) and common courts: federal courts (Federal Regional Courts, Federal Judges) and state courts (Courts of Justice and of the Court of the Federal District and of the territories; State Judges and Special Courts). The higher courts of the Judicial Power are the Supreme Federal Court, the Superior Court of Justice, the Superior Court of Labor, the Superior Electoral Court and the Superior Military Court.

The most important legal documents regarding Brazilian Class Actions are the 1988 Constitution, the Law of Public Civil Suit (Law n. 7347/1985) and the Consumer Defense Code (Law n. 8.078/1990).

 
 
 

Conselho Editorial

Dr. Carlos Alberto Molinaro
(PUCRS)
Dra. Elaine Harzheim Macedo
(PUCRS)
Dr. Humberto Dalla Bernardina Pinho (UERJ/UNESA)
Dr. Sérgio Cruz Arenhart
(UFPR)
Dr. Daniel Mitidiero
(UFRGS)
Dr. Fredie Didier Júnior
(UFBA)
Dr. Lúcio Delfino
(UNIUBE)

 Dr. Antonio Gidi

(Syracuse University College of Law - EUA)

Dr. Darci Guimarães Ribeiro
(Unisinos)
Dr. Gilberto Sturmer
(PUCRS)
Dr. Marco Felix Jobim
(PUCRS)